Paper by Erik D. Demaine

Reference:
Erik D. Demaine, MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi, and Bojan Mohar, “Approximation Algorithms via Contraction Decomposition”, in Proceedings of the 18th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA 2007), New Orleans, Louisiana, January 7–9, 2007, pages 278–287.

Abstract:
We prove that the edges of every graph of bounded (Euler) genus can be partitioned into any prescribed number k of pieces such that contracting any piece results in a graph of bounded treewidth (where the bound depends on k). This decomposition result parallels an analogous, simpler result for edge deletions instead of contractions, obtained in [Bak94, Epp00, DDO+04, DHK05], and it generalizes a similar result for “compression” (a variant of contraction) in planar graphs [Kle05]. Our decomposition result is a powerful tool for obtaining PTASs for contraction-closed problems (whose optimal solution only improves under contraction), a much more general class than minor-closed problems. We prove that any contraction-closed problem satisfying just a few simple conditions has a PTAS in bounded-genus graphs. In particular, our framework yields PTASs for the weighted Traveling Salesman Problem and for minimum-weight c-edge-connected submultigraph on bounded-genus graphs, improving and generalizing previous algorithms of [GKP95, AGK+98, Kle05, Gri00, CGSZ04, BCGZ05]. We also highlight the only main difficulty in extending our results to general H-minor-free graphs.

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Related papers:
ContractionTSP_Combinatorica (Approximation Algorithms via Contraction Decomposition)


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Last updated September 3, 2017 by Erik Demaine.