Paper by Erik D. Demaine

Reference:
Erik D. Demaine, Fedor V. Fomin, MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi, and Dimitrios M. Thilikos, “Subexponential parameterized algorithms on graphs of bounded-genus and H-minor-free graphs”, Journal of the ACM, volume 52, number 6, 2005, pages 866–893.

Abstract:
We introduce a new framework for designing fixed-parameter algorithms with subexponential running time—2O(√k) nO(1). Our results apply to a broad family of graph problems, called bidimensional problems, which includes many domination and covering problems such as vertex cover, feedback vertex set, minimum maximal matching, dominating set, edge dominating set, disk dimension, and many others restricted to bounded-genus graphs. Furthermore, it is fairly straightforward to prove that a problem is bidimensional. In particular, our framework includes as special cases all previously known problems to have such subexponential algorithms. Previously, these algorithms applied to planar graphs, single-crossing-minor-free graphs, and/or map graphs; we extend these results to apply to bounded-genus graphs as well. In a parallel development of combinatorial results, we establish an upper bound on the treewidth (or branchwidth) of a bounded-genus graph that excludes some planar graph H as a minor. This bound depends linearly on the size |V(H)| of the excluded graph H and the genus g(G) of the graph G, and applies and extends the graph-minors work of Robertson and Seymour.

Building on these results, we develop subexponential fixed-parameter algorithms for dominating set, vertex cover, and set cover in any class of graphs excluding a fixed graph H as a minor. In particular, this general category of graphs includes planar graphs, bounded-genus graphs, single-crossing-minor-free graphs, and any class of graphs that is closed under taking minors. Specifically, the running time is 2O(√k) nh, where h is a constant depending only on H, which is polynomial for k = O(log2 n). We introduce a general approach for developing algorithms on H-minor-free graphs, based on structural results about H-minor-free graphs at the heart of Robertson and Seymour's graph-minors work. We believe this approach opens the way to further development on problems in H-minor-free graphs.

Comments:
This paper is also available from the ACM Digital Library.

Length:
The paper is 26 pages.

Availability:
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Related papers:
HMinorFree_SODA2004 (Subexponential parameterized algorithms on graphs of bounded-genus and H-minor-free graphs)


See also other papers by Erik Demaine.
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Last updated November 1, 2014 by Erik Demaine.