**Reference**:- Zachary Abel, Erik D. Demaine, Martin L. Demaine, Sarah Eisenstat, Jayson Lynch, Tao B. Schardl, and Isaac Shapiro-Ellowitz, “Folding Equilateral Plane Graphs”, in
*Proceedings of the 22nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2011)*, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, volume 7074, December 5–8, 2011, pages 574–583. **Abstract**:-
We consider two types of folding applied to
*equilateral*plane graph linkages. First, under continuous folding motions, we show how to reconfigure any*linear*equilateral tree (lying on a line) into a canonical configuration. By contrast, such reconfiguration is known to be impossible for linear (nonequilateral) trees and for (nonlinear) equilateral trees. Second, under instantaneous folding motions, we show that an equilateral plane graph has a noncrossing linear folded state if and only if it is bipartite. Not only is the equilateral constraint necessary for this result, but we show that it is strongly NP-complete to decide whether a (nonequilateral) plane graph has a linear folded state. Equivalently, we show strong NP-completeness of deciding whether an abstract metric polyhedral complex with one central vertex has a noncrossing flat folded state with a specified “outside region”. By contrast, the analogous problem for a polyhedral manifold with one central vertex (*single-vertex origami*) is only weakly NP-complete. **Comments**:- This paper is also available from SpringerLink.
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**Related papers**:- LinearEquilateral_IJCGA (Folding Equilateral Plane Graphs)

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Last updated June 1, 2023 by Erik Demaine.